|Botanical Name:||Trigonella Foenum-Graecum L|
Fenugreek is indigenous to southeastern Europe and western Asia and historically was grown wild throughout cultivated in India, Argentina, Egypt and Mediterranean countries (Southern France, Morocco and Lebanon).Mediterranean, North Africa and India. Fenugreek is from the bean family and both the leaves and the seeds provide some culinary use.
Fenugreek seed is the ripe fruit of an annual herb. This robust herb has light green leaves, is 30-60 cm tall and produces slender, beaked pods, 10-15 cm long, each pod contains 10-20 small hard yellowish brown seeds, which are smooth and oblong, about 3mm long, each grooved across one corner, giving them a hooked appearance. The leaves of the fenugreek plant are called Methi and are dull green while the seeds are a caramel yellow in color. Fenugreek is also known as Greek hayseed, goat’s horn and Methi.
In India it is grown extensively in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Punjab. It is a cold season crop and is fairly tolerant to frost and very low temperature. It is best suited to tracts of moderate to low rainfall and is sown in all types of soil but perform better in loam and clayey loam with proper drainage. It can also be grown on black cotton soils.
• Medical research shows that fenugreek seeds lower blood cholesterol and blood sugar levels.
• It was also known to cure constipation, as a powerful expectorant, and is used as herbal infusion to break up respiratory congestion.
• An ancient ayurvedic cure for dandruff – soak some seeds in water overnight, grind to a paste, apply onto the scalp and hair, leave for 20 mts and rinse. It also tones the hair, giving it a silky feel and shine.
• Fenugreek seed paste or methi in powder form can be used as a face pack also, helps to tone the skin and cure acne.